Nahdlatul ulama dan penegakan hak asasi manusia di Indonesia

Ahmad, Maghfur (2010) Nahdlatul ulama dan penegakan hak asasi manusia di Indonesia. Religia, 13 (2). pp. 175-190. ISSN 2527-5992

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Abstract

Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) sebagai kekuatan sipil memiliki peran strategis untuk mengontrol dan menegakkan hak asasi manusia (HAM) di Indonesia. Bagi NU, HAM merupakan persemaian antara nilai-nilai hak asasi yang berkembang di Barat, Islam maupun nilai-nilai keindonesiaan. Dalam konteks HAM di Indonesia, lima prinsip dasar: hifz al-nafs (jiwa), hifz al-dîn (agama), hifz al-nasl(keturunan), hifz al-mâl (harta) dan hifz al-aql (akal) dipahami secara kontekstual, sesuai kondisi lokalitas kebangsaan, yang terkadang berlainan dengan paham ortodoksi Sunni. NU memahami, gerakanhak asasi manusia di Indonesia sebagai gerakan oposisional melawan pihak lain, terutama negara, yang mengabaikan nilai dan hak dasarmanusia. NU memaknai gerakan HAM tidak untuk melangengkan rezim penguasa yang tiranik, melainkan gerakan progresif menuju terciptanya kebebasan warga untuk memperoleh jaminan hak asasi manusia. Bagi NU, perjuangan HAM semata-mata demi terwujud nyata kehidupan berbangsa-bernegara yang lebih makmur, adil, dan sejahtera.Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) as a civil power has a strategic role to controland enforce the Human Right in Indonesia. To NU, Human Right isa seedling of basic right values living in the West, Islam and Indonesia.In the context of Indonesian Human right, five basic principles: hifzal-nafs (right to live), hifz al-din (right to believe), hifz al-nasl (right to produce children), hifz al-mal (right to have property), and hifzal-aql (right to have his or her mind be safe) are understoodcontextually according to the local wisdom, and it, sometime, is different from the orthodox concept of Sunni. NU views the Human Right movement in Indonesia as an oppositional movement to other side, especially the government that neglects values and human basic rights. It also means the movement not to preserve the tyranny regime,but as a progressive movement to manifest the citizens’ freedom toget their human right guaranty. The struggle to enforce the Human Right, to NU, is only to manifest more prosperous, fairer, and safernational life.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NU, hak asasi manusia, lima prinsip dasar,kesejahteraan sosial
Subjects: 200 RELIGION (AGAMA) > 2X0 ISLAM UMUM > 2X6.612 Nahdlatul Ulama, NU
Divisions: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan Hukum Keluarga Islam
Depositing User: Junaeti Aqin
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2020 04:52
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2020 04:52
URI: http://repository.iainpekalongan.ac.id/id/eprint/222

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