The Effect of a Majority Group’s Perspective-Taking on Minority Helping

Mashuri, Ali and Zaduqisti, Esti and Sukmawati, Fitri and Sakdiah, Halimatus (2017) The Effect of a Majority Group’s Perspective-Taking on Minority Helping. Psychological Studies, 62. pp. 60-69. ISSN 0974-9861

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Abstract

The current study examines how perspective-taking impacts on a majority group’s support for the governmental actions to help minority groups. The contextual background of the current study is tense relations between Sunnis representing a Muslim majority and Ahmadis and Shiites representing Muslim minorities in Indonesia, the world’s largest Muslim population. The results (N = 200) demonstrated that strong perspective-taking than weak perspective-taking triggered a greater minority helping, but only among the majority who strongly identified with their nation, but not with Sunnis. Moreover, participants in the strong perspective-taking condition than those in the weak perspective-taking condition demonstrated a greater willingness to perceptually include minorities as a representative group of national citizens, but not as Muslims, and in turn this perceived inclusion mediated the effect of perspective-taking on minority helping. We also hypothesised and found that such a mediating role of perceived inclusion of minorities as national citizens was more pronounced when the national identification and not Sunni identification was high. Finally, the inclusion of Muslim minorities as national citizens and minority helping increased identity enhancement of national identity, but these effects were more pronounced when the majority strongly identified with their nation, but not with Sunnis. These findings suggest that the merits of perspective-taking in promoting help on behalf of minority groups is not generic, but limited to a specific domain of superordinate category to which these minority groups are included, and to the nature of group identification.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perspective-taking, National identification, Minority inclusion, Minority helping
Subjects: 100 PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY (FILSAFAT DAN PSIKOLOGI) > 150 Psychology (Psikologi/Ilmu Jiwa) > 150 Psychology/Psikologi, Ilmu Jiwa
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Dakwah > Jurusan Bimbingan dan Konseling Islam
Depositing User: Junaeti Aqin
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2020 07:35
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2020 07:35
URI: http://repository.iainpekalongan.ac.id/id/eprint/338

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