The role of dual categorization and relative ingroup prototypicality in reparations to a minority group: An examination of empathy and collective guilt as mediators

Mashuri, Ali and Zaduqisti, Esti and Alroy-Thiberge, Daphne (2017) The role of dual categorization and relative ingroup prototypicality in reparations to a minority group: An examination of empathy and collective guilt as mediators. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 20 (1). ISSN 1467-839X

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/aj...

Abstract

In the current study, we investigate factors that facilitate or otherwise obstruct reparations of a perpetrating group (i.e. Muslims) to a victim group (i.e. Christians). The study (N = 200) reveals that among Muslim participants, the role of dual Abrahamic categorization in positively predicting reparation attitude towards Christians was mediated by the first group's prosocial emotions of empathy and collective guilt towards the latter group. In addition, relative Muslim prototypicality negatively predicted dual Abrahamic categorization and each of the two prosocial emotions. Empathy and collective guilt in turn mediated the role of relative ingroup prototypicality in negatively predicting reparation attitude. Moreover, as hypothesized, we found that the roles of empathy and collective guilt in predicting reparation intention, as manifested in participants' willingness to engage in collective action on behalf of the victim group, were not significant on their own, but were mediated by reparation attitude. These findings shed light on the importance of the relationship between the perpetrating group's shared identity with the victim group, reduced ingroup focus and its support for making reparations to the victim group. Theoretical implications, study limitations and practical strategies highlighting how to decrease relative Muslim prototypicality are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Empati
Subjects: 100 PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY (FILSAFAT DAN PSIKOLOGI) > 150 Psychology (Psikologi/Ilmu Jiwa) > 158.3 Counseling and Interviewing/Psikologi Konseling, Penyuluhan, Pemberian Nasehat dan Wawancara
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Dakwah > Jurusan Bimbingan dan Konseling Islam
Depositing User: Junaeti Aqin
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2020 03:45
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2020 03:56
URI: http://repository.iainpekalongan.ac.id/id/eprint/349

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