The Sufi order against religious radicalism in Indonesia

Ahmad, Maghfur and Aziz, Abdul and Afad, Mochamad N and Muniroh, Siti Mumun (2021) The Sufi order against religious radicalism in Indonesia. HTS Theological Studies, 77 (4). pp. 1-11. ISSN 2072-8050

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This study aimed to analyse the contribution of the Sufi order in stemming religion-based violence as a form of the Sufis’ response to rampant violence, extremism and religious radicalism. This study used a qualitative method in which the data were obtained through interviews, observation and documentation. Then they were analysed by using an interactive model. This study was carried out in three Sufi communities of the Sufi order Qadariyah wan Naqshabandiyah (TQN) in Indonesia, namely in Suryalaya Islamic Boarding School, Futuhiyyah Islamic Boarding School Mranggen and Darul Ulum Islamic Boarding School Jombang. The results of the study show that the three TQN orders have the concepts of dhikr and love, which are internalised in the act of Sufism. The Sufi order has the doctrines of love of God, mutual love, discourse of moderation and tolerance towards religion and other groups as the main instruments in the fight against religious radicalism. The resistance of the Sufis to religious radicalism shows that the Sufi order is cornered from attacks by formalist groups in religion. This fact reopens the historical archive of contradictions between the two major currents of Islamic thought and movement, Salafi versus Sufi. The counter-radicalism narrated by the Sufis of the three TQN communities represents their defensive attitude towards the aggressiveness of the textual and radical Salafis. Contribution: This article contributes to prevent and reduce the rise of religious radicalism in Indonesia. The doctrines of tanbih, mahabbah, tolerance and moderatism developed by the Sufis in the three TQN communities became a source of reference and inspiration for resistance to violence and religious radicalism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sufi order; cosmology; philosophy; rationalists; traditionalists; religious radicalism.
Subjects: 200 RELIGION (AGAMA) > 2X0 ISLAM UMUM > 2X5.2 Tasawuf
Divisions: Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Dakwah > Jurusan Akhlak Tasawuf
Depositing User: Junaeti Aqin
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2021 09:11
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2021 03:10

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